Vivekananda Institute of Biotechnology



Science in the Service of Mankind

Horticultural Biotechnology

Horticultural Biotechnology comprises of Plant Tissue Culture, Production of nursery Plantlets & Apiculture Technology

Plant Tissue Culture

 

Micro propagation is one of the most efficient methods for multiplying banana plants and also for maintaining a number of elite varieties in a small space. The program on the production and supply of tissue cultured banana plantlets continues.  Germplasm of 14 varieties of banana are maintained in our laboratory. These are Baischada kachakela, Martaman, Giant Governor, Robusta, Red banana, Pachanandan, Rasthali, Monthan, Nendran, Kanai Bansi, Chatim, Kanthali, Amrit sagar, Dwarf cavendish.

Experiments were conducted to study the effect of application of vermiwash on the survival and growth of the banana plantlets at the primary hardening stage.

The laboratory also works on Dendrobium. Various hormone concentrations were tested with the MS and VW media for observing the growth of banana and Dendrobium plantlets respectively. The optimum hormone concentration and optimum ratio of auxin: cytokinin for the shoot initiation, formation of multiple shoots and production of maximum number of roots were restandardized and incorporated wherever required.

The efforts on the in vitro production of papaya plantlets was concluded as we could see the cost of the papaya plantlets produced in vitro would be too high because of the different steps required for its acclimatization to the culture conditions and its very slow multiplication rate. The study on the papaya micro propagation however is being continued for the academic and research interest.

  

Production of Nursery Plantlets

VIB started supplying ornamentals, flowering plants produced in its own nursery. A large number of plantlets have been supplied to the interested growers and persons. These included the cuttings of Chrysanthemums, Dahlia, layers of China rose of different colors, bougainvillea, grapes, corms of gladioli and various indoor plants and ornamentals.    

 

 

   

Apiculture Technology

 

Apiary with local variety of honey bee is one of the sources of income of Sunderban. But the process lacks proper scientific method and so the people do not have desired benefit from this practice. On the basis of this fact, a program was taken up under a DST sponsored Young Scientist project. The main objective of this program is to standardize techno-economically viable method for apiary improving the local varieties of honey bee for the production of honey as well as different bi-products like venom, royal jelly and wax. A local variety of honey bee, Apis cerana was selected for this study. Method for rearing and multiplication of these species has been standardized. One hundred bee hives are maintained at different locations of Sunderben for standardization

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